By Oana Pascu
A while ago I read an article about the similarities between the Romanian wines and the French ones. The resemblance comes from the soils –the limestone gives strength and mildness to red wines, the southern exposure, and the location on the 45th parallel, same as Bordeaux.
Romania is the sixth largest wine grower in the European Union and its enthusiastic proponents say the aspect of its 180,000 hectares of vineyards, unique soil, unusual grapes and inexpensive costs make it a producer to watch. If you are a wine aficionado and you would like to know more about the Romanian ones, but also if you have visited the Village Museum in Bucharest and you really liked it, then a visit at the Goleşti Viticulture and Tree Growing Museum might be of interest to you.
King Charles II established the museum in 1939 as the Dinicu Golescu Museum. Over the years the museum has been developed with new basic exhibitions that also reflect the family history and the cultural and civilization history of the Arges region.
In the early 40s the building has been restored and the initial heritage museum has been established. Ten years later the opening of the memorial section of the Dinicu Golescu family and history exhibition representing the events from 1821, 1848 and 1859 followed.
In 1966 the Department of The Viticulture And Tree Growing Museum was set up, showing the peasant civilization from the mid-nineteenth century from the main fruit-growing and wine-growing areas of the country.
The most important sector of the museum is represented by the rural houses brought from the main viticulture and fruit-growing areas of Romania, organized as a Romanian village. Each wine or fruit-growing household include: a dwelling house, dependencies as well as specific installations and working tools required to practice various occupations such as agriculture, cattle breeding, bee culture etc.
The museum was designed to include 34 households (18 fruit-growing and 16 wine-growing) and an inn. It comprises 7 fruit growing households and 7 wine-growing households for Oltenia and Muntenia, a wine farm from Dobrogea, 4 wine-growing households for Moldova, 6 wine growing households and 5 fruit growing households for Transylvania. The museum also hosts the Ethnography and Folk Art Exhibition of the Arges County.
Another interesting part that teaches a great lesson about education in Romania and its evolution is the Memorial Museum Department, which includes the “Free Public School”. The great scholar Dinicu Golescu, who gave poor children around the manor the chance to learn alongside the rich, was the founder of the school. Textbooks were free and for the first time girls were allowed to learn with the boys. It was the first modern school with lessons taught in Romanian and worked from 1826 until 1830. In the school pieces of furniture and textbooks from the period of Spiru Haret are displayed.
The museum is located in the Arges County, one and a half hour away from Bucharest, by car. Take the A3 highway to Pitesti and take the Oraja exit after 98 km. Take the DJ704C for another 10 km and you are there.
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